Railways: Different colour of train coaches – Rajdhani, Shatabdi and more


Indian Railway is one of the most preferred modes of transportation in India. With the fourth largest railway system in the world, Indian Railways also comes with a rich heritage making it stand out more than any other railway. Though there are many other aspects that make Indian Railways unique there’s one aspect that definitely makes it stand out and that’s the wide variety of train coaches with different patterns and colours.

Indian Railways have multiple coaches and each coach is adorned with different patterns and colours holding significant relevance.

Here’s what patterns and colours of Shatabdi express, Rajdhani express, Vande Bharat and many other train coaches mean:

ICF coaches: 

Most of the passenger train coaches like the mail and express trains like Shatabdi express are usually coloured in blue and comes under the ICF coaches. These are also the earliest production units of independent India and are known as the entry-level coaches. ICF stands for the Integral Coach Factory which is located at Perambur near Chennai, where the designs of such trains were prepared. These coaches air brakes and the capacity to run at a speed between 70 to 140 kmph. 

The ICF coaches’ standard colour is blue in Sleeper Class, AC First Class, AC 3 Tier Sleeper, AC 2 Tier Sleeper, AC Chair Car, and Non-Class Chair Car class coaches.

LHB coaches and their colours:

Meanwhile, the new train coaches used by the Railways are of LHB Linke-Hofmann-Busch design. These coaches are lighter in colour as compared to ICF coaches are faster than them. Indian Railways has launched various LHB coaches for several trains these includes LHB Rajdhani Express, LHB Shatabdi express, LHB Tejas express, LHB Double Decker, LHB Humsafar, and LHB Gatimaan. 

LHB Rajdhani

LHB Rajdhani express trains are by default red coloured trains and are operated to connect national capital with states across country. 

LHB Shatabdi

LHB Shatabdi are coloured in light blue and grey from top and bottom. LBH Shatabdi is one of the fastest trains to cover short and medium distances. 

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